Birds 08

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Reptiles and amphibians
Red Sea Fishes
Red Sea Fishes

As well as being at the junction of four biogeographical regions Egypt lies on one of the world’s major flyways for migratory birds. More than 470 species have been recorded in Egypt of which only 150 can be considered resident breeders. One species, the White-eyed Gull, is endemic to the Red Sea.The wetlands on the Mediterranean coast are important habitats for migrating water fowl while Suez is one of the most important bottlenecks in the world for soaring birds. In autumn 1981, 134,000 birds of prey were counted there. There are also huge numbers of White Storks, Common Cranes and White Pelicans that pass annually through this area.

The wetlands of Egypt are divided between the wetlands of the Mediterranean and Red Sea coasts and the inland wetlands of the Nile Valley and several oases. They are habitat for a variety of water birds. Along the coasts, the predominant birds include, Greater Flamingo, Osprey, terns and gulls.

Even in the driest areas, various small birds can be found, among them the ubiquitous White-crowned Black Wheatear and the Lanner Falcon.

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Egyptian Vulture (Pharaoh’s Chicken), Neophron percnopterus
The juvenile of this small vulture is dark in color, becoming gradually paler until it is fully adult. Less gregarious than other species of vultures it is almost silent. Like all carrion feeders, it is able to detect a carcass from a great distance but due to its small size it is low in the pecking order.

English Name Latin Name
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster X
Reef Heron Egretta gularis X
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides X
Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia X
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber X
Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiacus X
Osprey Pandion haliaetus X
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus X
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotus X
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus X
Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus X
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus X
Sooty Falcon Falco concolor X
Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi X
Quail Coturnix coturnix X
Spur-winged Plover Vanellus spinosus X
Snipe Gallinago gallinago X
Senegal Thick-knee Burhinus senegalensis X
Cream-colored Courser Cursorius cursor X
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei X
Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii X
White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus X
Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus X
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida X
Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus X
Lichtenstein’s Sandgrouse Pterocles Lichtensteinii X
Rock Dove Columba livia X
Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto X
Palm Dove Streptopelia senegalensis X
Pharaoh’s Eagle Owl Bubo bubo X
Little Owl Athene noctua X
Hume’s Tawny Owl Strix butleri X
Nubian Nightjar Caprimulgus nubicus X
European Kingfisher Alcedo atthis X
Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis X
Yellow-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus xanthopygos X
Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens X
White-crowned Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga X
Sinai Rosefinch Carpodacus synoicus X
Tristram’s Grackle Onycognathus tristramii X